Evolution of Urdu Language

To understand the particular language we have to understand what exactly language means. For a layman I would call language a medium to communicate with people. Comprehensively language is not just the exchange of words relatively it is communication of feelings, expressions, and beliefs. This might be in form of words, symbols, signs, signals, compositions of music notes or even imprecise or clear sounds.

History of languages

History of language starts from the start of evolution of mankind. In several times the modes of communication among the many mankind has been different. Starting from the thought process to the molding words to express refers to language. It contains the words which can be unsaid and expressed by actions. Due to this fact history of languages could be studied in detail by the research of countries and tribes. There has been a powerful impact of languages on the cultural habits of nations all around the world. Languages have developed ever for the reason that first sign of life on earth. About 200000 years ago different modes of communication have been transformed in vocalization or speech. Later about 30000 years ago mankind developed symbols. This additional revolutionized into writing about 7000 years ago.

Evolution of languages

«It’s completely safe to attribute this development [of innate language structures] to «natural selection», as long as we realize that there is no substance to this assertion, that it amounts to nothing more than a belief that there is some naturalistic rationalization for these phenomena.» [Noam Chomsky, Language and Mind, 1972, p. 97]

We can not trace back in time that a sure language was abruptly adapted or created. Languages have been formed and altered gradually. Languages have quickly changed as well. The greatest reason of change in language is because of socialization and intersection. Strongly interactive cultures show speedy changes. The cultures which are isolated in a tribe or in a geographical area show a slow change in language. If there’s a lack of interplay there is a lack of adaptation of values and behaviors from different cultures.

Language and culture

If man wouldn’t have been interacting withother civilizations and culture there would haven’t any development of language. Language is not the invention of isolation; moderately it is the creation of socialization. For each growing, developed or grown culture there has been an evolution likely.

Urdu language

The story of Urdu starts from the times of Mughals. The armies of the Mughals belonged to totally different ethnic backgrounds having completely different dialects. Their languages evolved into a molded form of a new language which we call Urdu in the current time. Urdu is a derivative of a number of languages which had been spoken by the military of the Mughals. These soldiers have been:

Turkish
Arabs
Pathans
Balochi
Afghans
Persians
Rajputs
Jats
The word Urdu is derived from a Turkish word which means army. This is the reason we call Urdu the language of military or lashkari zuban.

Evolution of Urdu Language

The society in which a language is spoken decides its evolution, development and recognition. Evolution in the language Urdu has resulted due to the interaction of various dialects, invasions and conquests. Urdu was evolved in the following phases:

• The indo- Aryan household language consists of Urdu as well. The historic background of this rich language originates from Saur Senic Prakrit. Sanskrit was evolved to form Saur Senic Prakrit. Later Saur Senic Prakrit was influenced by a number of Hindi dialects.

• Then comes the evolutionary phase, this was affected by the literature of Insha. Then it started to take the form an image of a new language that we call Urdu today. This was the time when Urdu and Hindi was differentiated. The cultural impact was that the Muslims in the subcontinent either spoke Urdu or Farsi and the Hindus spoke Hindi (Khari Boli and Devanagari). There was a clear distinction in the two languages as Urdu had certain words of Arabic and Persian in it which Sanskrit didn’t have.

• After the invasion of the Muslims within the subcontinent Persian was made the official language of the subcontinent. Later Urdu grew to become the official language of the states dominated by Mughals. This laid a robust impact on the culture of India and additional revolutionized the language to give a new form.

Urdu started to evolve after 1193 AD.
• Invaders of the subcontinent effected Urdu language. These were Arabs, Persian and Turks. Urdu has Persian words in it.

• Later the British rule in the subcontinent words of English additionally became a part of it. This change was not that obvious due to the clash with their rule.

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